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Clark, James

b. 1922 - d. 2007

Jim Clark, sheriff of Dallas County, Alabama (1955-1967), had a reputation for using brute force against blacks. He responded with violence when Selma residents and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) tried to register black voters. Dr. King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) were called in for help. Clark punched SCLC organizer C. T. Vivian in the face on the court house steps, breaking his hand. Before television cameras, he led a posse of deputy sheriffs and volunteers in an attack with whips, clubs and tear gas against protesters marching from Selma to Montgomery. Known as Bloody Sunday, this event prompted President Johnson to submit legislation that became the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Clark's vicious behavior resulted in his defeat when he ran for re-election. He became active in the John Birch Society and toured the country telling about his work against integration.

Associated Archive Content : 6 results

Black Power

This is a chapter sermon for Dr. King's book "Where Do We Go From Here?" The civil rights leader traces the early development of Black Power and its eventual surge onto the national political scene. Though understood as a direct opposition to the nonviolent movement that organizations like SCLC, CORE, and SNCC originally supported, King describes Black Power as a "disappointment wrapped in despair."

Dr. Paul Arthur Scilpp Speech in Illinois

In this address delivered before the National Assembly for Progress in Equality of Opportunity in Housing, Dr. Paul Arthur Schilpp speaks about equality between races, "pure" race, and voting rights for Negroes.

Letter from William W. Boyer to MLK

This Letter from William W. Boyer, Chairman of the Convocations Committee, to Dr. King informs Dr. King the transcription of his "Future of Integration" speech to the Kansas State University academic community has arrived. A copy of the transcription will be published in Issues 1968.
This enclosed transcription of his speech addresses many varied issues affecting American society.

Revolution In The Classroom

Dr. King addresses the Georgia Teachers and Education Association about the education of children in the South.

Saturday Review: Behind the Selma March

Dr. King describes the events surrounding the Selma-Montgomery Civil Rights March of 1965.

Speech at Chicago Freedom Movement Rally

Dr. King speaks of the urgent need to address issues in the city such as deplorable housing conditions, discrimination in employment, segregation and overcrowded schools. He urges his listeners to commit to fill up the jails if necessary, register every eligible Negro to vote, withhold rent from slumlords, withdraw economic support from companies that don't hire Negroes, and support Negro-owned businesses. He stresses the importance of using nonviolent methods.