The Archive

Digital Archive brought to you
by JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David)

b. 1890 - d. 1969

Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th U.S. president (1953-1961), was born in Denison, Texas. A five-star general in the U.S. Army, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during World War II. He became president of Columbia University, taking an 18-month leave to serve as first commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). As Republican candidate for president, Eisenhower won a landslide victory in 1952 with vice presidential running mate Richard Nixon. Unenthusiastic about the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling on segregated schools and about legislating racial equality, Eisenhower nevertheless federalized the Arkansas National Guard to enforce school desegregation in Little Rock in 1957 and signed civil rights bills in 1957 and 1960.

Associated Archive Content : 34 results

Telegram from MLK to President Eisenhower

This is the text of a telegram Dr. King sent to President Eisenhower regarding the contemporaneous events of the opening of desegregated schools and the arrival of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev.

The Future of Integration

Dr. King addresses the issue of the Future of Integration to an assembly at the State University of Iowa on November 11, 1959.

True Democracy

Reverend O. J. P. Wetklo explains his ideas of true democracy, which he gives a Christian foundation and compares to the natural world. He calls true democracy "a perfect brotherhood of man," and he argues that each individual member of society must take responsibility for the whole.

Wave of Violence Against Blacks

This pamphlet produced by the NAACP, New York Branch, begins with the discussion of a controversial statement made by Senator James Eastland and its adverse affect of increased violence among blacks. Eastland attacked the Supreme Court's desegregation edict by stating, "You are not required to obey any court which passes out such a ruling. In fact, you are obligated to defy it." Newspaper clippings are shown with headlines that illustrate the violence, murder, bombings, and attacks blacks faced.