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b. 1897 - d. 1975
In 1931, Elijah Poole was deeply affected by the teaching of the Nation of Islam’s founder, W. Fard Muhammad. Poole joined the movement and was given the name Elijah Karriem. In 1934, he became the leader of the Nation of Islam and, as Elijah Muhammad, oversaw its development into an influential international movement. The height of Elijah Muhammad’s popularity came after he appointed Malcolm X to be national spokesman. The Nation of Islam was vocal in its criticism of the nonviolent philosophy of Dr. King. In Letter from Birmingham Jail, King stated that he sought to stand between the forces of segregation and the black nationalism of Muhammad’s movement, which he described as a force of bitterness and hatred bordering on advocacy of violence. Despite his criticism, King retained cordial relations with Muhammad, asking his assistance in persuading Muhammad Ali to address the 1967 Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Annual Convention.
This article, details the work and beliefs of Reverend James L. Bevel, a Baptist minister and field representative of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Bevel claims that the United States Government is committing genocide against Negro people.