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Mitchell, Clarence M. (Clarence Maurice)

b. 1911 - d. 1984

Clarence M. Mitchell Jr., a Baltimore native, was executive secretary for the St. Paul (Minnesota) Urban League, where he successfully campaigned to end discrimination against black city employees. Earlier he covered the Scottsboro (Alabama) trials and a Maryland lynching for the Baltimore Afro-American. Mitchell served as regional director for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He became their chief lobbyist and was legislative chairman of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. His perseverance and unrelenting efforts won him the nickname 101st Senator and secured passage of the Civil Rights Acts (1957, 1960, 1964), Voting Rights Act (1965) and Fair Housing Act (1968). After retiring, he wrote a weekly column for The Baltimore Sun. President Carter awarded Mitchell the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1980.

Associated Archive Content : 5 results

Bayard Rustin: Right to Work Laws

This booklet, written chiefly by Bayard Rustin, suggests that the "Right to Work" laws handicap minorities in the American workforce. The "Right to Work" law is a statute that bans union security agreements, which Rustin posits is undemocratic and assists in exploiting and perpetuating American poverty.

Letter from Roy Wilkins to MLK

Roy Wilkins, Chairman of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, invites Dr. King to serve as a member of the conference's executive committee.

Letter from Walter Simcich to MLK

Walter Simcich invites Dr. King to speak in Toronto, Ontario. He then asks Dr. King to suggest an alternate civil rights speaker if he is unable to attend.

Minutes for the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights

The minutes for this meeting include the Civil Rights act of 1967, the "Freedom Budget," and discrimination in military off-post housing.

Youth, Nonviolence, and Social Change

The conference on "Youth, Nonviolence, and Social Change" at Howard University contains various speakers deriving from various academic disciplines. Dr. King participated in the lecture and discussed how nonviolent methods impacted individuals, especially the youth.