The Archive

Digital Archive brought to you
by JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Nixon, Edgar Daniel

b. 1899 - d. 1987

Edgar Daniel (E. D.) Nixon served as president of the Montgomery, Alabama Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) local and state organizations. An activist for desegregation and employment opportunities, he led a 1944 voting rights march of over 700 people to the Montgomery County Municipal Court House. Nixon pushed for Rosa Parks’ 1955 arrest to be the rallying point for a citywide bus boycott and federal lawsuit. He was a key organizer of the 381-day Montgomery Bus Boycott, co-founding the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), recruiting Dr. King to serve as the president, and serving himself as treasurer. In January 1956, Nixon’s home was bombed two days after King’s. He was indicted with other boycott leaders on conspiracy charges for violating a 1921 Alabama anti-boycott law. Nixon left the MIA in 1957 but remained respectful of its work.

Associated Archive Content : 7 results

Fisk News: The Montgomery Story

This publication of Fisk News features one of Dr. King's speeches on page five. The speech is entitled "The Montgomery Story," and was delivered at the 13th Annual Institute of Race Relations at Fisk University. Dr. King commences to share of Rosa Parks' refusal to move from her bus seat and help begin the historic Montgomery Bus Boycott. Blacks boycotted public transportation for 7 months in Montgomery, Alabama and achieved success in changing the city's discriminatory practices.

Letter from MLK to a Donor

Dr. King expresses gratitude for a contribution received by The Montgomery Improvement Association.

Letter from Thomas Gilliam to MLK

Thomas Gilliam writes this letter with hope that Dr. King will grant him an interview about the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Liberation: Our Struggle

Dr. King contributes an article to the "Liberation" publication explaining the reasons for the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott. He conveys the issues involving segregation on buses, the demise of Negro inferiority and the miscalculations of white Montgomery civic leaders. According to Dr. King, "Every attempt to end the protest by intimidation, by encouraging Negroes to inform, by force and violence, further cemented the Negro community and brought sympathy for our cause from men of good will all over the world."

Our Struggle

Dr. King discusses blacks' struggle for racial equality in America. King explores racist whites' views of "the inferior social, economic, and political position" of the Negro. However, when Negroes begin to reevaluate their position in society and tension in race relations arise, he argues that the Negro begins to "organize and act" against the status quo as evident in the boycotts and sit-in demonstrations occurring throughout the South.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott Story

This dramatic story gives a riveting account of the Montgomery Bus Boycott movement and its aim to end segregation of the public transit in Montgomery, Alabama after the arrest of Rosa Parks. E.D. Nixon and other ministers illustrate the philosophy of nonviolent tactics employed by the Montgomery Improvement Association and their struggle for "cosmic companionship."

The Montgomery Improvement Association

Dr. King expresses gratitude for his receipt of a kind letter and informs the recipient that their words of sympathy have endorsed great moral support.