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Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip)

b. 1889 - d. 1979

Born in Crescent City, Florida, Asa Philip Randolph was a labor organizer and civil rights activist. He moved to Harlem in 1911 and joined the Socialist Party, publicly opposing World War I. From 1925 to 1935, Randolph led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first successful black trade union. His call for a March on Washington in 1941 to protest refusal to hire black workers prodded President Roosevelt to ban discrimination in the defense industry. His appeal for civil disobedience against conscription into the segregated armed forces influenced President Truman to desegregate the military in 1948. A vice president of the AFL-CIO, he helped found the Negro American Labor Council. Randolph mobilized significant union support for the civil rights movement and chaired the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Associated Archive Content : 96 results

The Urban Coalition National Coordinator's Weekly Report

In the Urban Coalition's weekly report, the National Coordinator notifies members of the events that had occurred within the past week. The report covers local coalitions, legislation, private employment, and the steering committee.

To Fulfill These Rights

The White House Conference on Civil Rights printed this program in preparation for their June 1966 conference. The theme of this agenda is entitled To Fulfill These Rights.

Two Americas

This essay highlights the realities of poverty stricken aliens in an affluent society. Through its examination of Negro-white relations, urban riots, and the War on Poverty, the author insists that the nonviolent struggle for civil rights must continue.

Vote No on State Question 409 – Oklahoma NAACP

Dr. King and other civil rights leaders state their opinions regarding ballot question 409, the "right to work" law. All of the civil rights leaders encourage Negro readers to vote against passing his law because it will not benefit the Negro worker.

We Shall Overcome Sketch

Charlie Cheese Carson's created this sketch which illustrates many notable civil rights leaders as chess pieces.

Western Union Telegram from James McDaniel to MLK

Mr. McDaniel invites Dr. King to serve as a member of the executive committee of the National Citizens Committee for the Child Development Program in Mississippi.