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Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)

In 1956 Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth and other Birmingham ministers created the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) after the State of Alabama banned the state chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). They led mass meetings, a bus boycott, sit-ins and other nonviolent efforts to promote integration. In 1963 Dr. King brought the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to the city to join the ACMHR, SCLC’s affiliate, to form the Birmingham Campaign. They met brutal opposition as they conducted lunch counter sit-ins, boycotted downtown businesses and marched on City Hall. Hundreds of protesters were jailed. President Kennedy sent federal officials to negotiate the conflict, ultimately leading to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Associated Archive Content : 33 results

Telegram to MLK from Treasurer W. E. Shortridge

Members of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights send Dr. King encouraging words during his sentence at Albany City Jail.

The New Leader: MLK's Letter from Birmingham Jail

The New Leader, a New York-based biweekly magazine, published Dr. King?s Letter from Birmingham City Jail. This historic piece is a response to the views of some fellow clergymen that Dr. King's methods are both "unwise and untimely.? King's critics had branded him an "outside agitator" and an extremist who should not be advocating lawbreaking. Dr. King responds with this letter and references prominent historical figures to counter these criticisms.

Unwise and Untimely?

This pamphlet from the Fellowship of Reconciliation features a letter written from eight Alabama Clergymen to Dr. King. The Clergymen express their discontent with the movement and Dr. King brings forth a response. The response is later known as one of Dr. King's famous texts, "Letter from Birmingham City Jail." The pamphlet also includes Dr. King's "I Have a Dream" speech from the 1963 March on Washington.