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Roosevelt, Eleanor

b. 1884 - d. 1962

Born in New York City, Eleanor Roosevelt, the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, married Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) and was First Lady from 1932 to 1945. Active in state and national Democratic politics, Eleanor devoted herself to international peace and human rights following FDR’s death. President Truman appointed her as one of five American delegates to the newly-created United Nations. Her most enduring legacy is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved by the U.N. General Assembly on December 10, 1948. As a civil rights advocate, Eleanor served on the Board of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), criticized the Eisenhower Administration for its passivity, spoke at the Highlander Folk School despite Ku Klux Klan threats and raised funds for the Montgomery Bus Boycott. She chaired President Kennedy’s Commission on the Status of Women.

Associated Archive Content : 9 results

Epitaph for a First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt

Dr. Kings writes an epitaph discussing Eleanor Roosevelt and what she stood for.

Letter from Benjamin Spock to MLK

Benjamin Spock, Co-Chairman for the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, solicits Dr. King as a sponsor for a testimonial dinner. The committee will honor Max Youngstein with its Eleanor Roosevelt Peace Award at the dinner.

Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to MLK

Eleanor Roosevelt invites Dr. King for afternoon tea to discuss ongoing issues in Deerfield, Illinois with Rev. Bletzer and members of the American Freedom of Residence Fund.

Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to MLK

Eleanor Roosevelt invites Dr. King to appear in the first installment of a series of televised discussions entitled "The American Experience."

Letter from Francis Stern to MLK

Francis H. Stern, Chairman of the Humanitarian Award Committee, writes Dr. King informing him that he has been selected unanimously to receive the 1964 Brith Sholom Humanitarian Award. Stern points out that past recipients include Eleanor Roosevelt, Thurgood Marshall, Rabbi Stephen Wise, UN secretary general Trygvie Lie, and former Prime Minister of Australia Herbert Evatt.

Letter from Lady Bird Johnson to Sally Stengel

Lady Bird Johnson thanks Mrs. Stengel for the sculpture of Eleanor Roosevelt.

Letter from MLK to Beatrice Rosselll

Dr. King takes an opportunity to express gratitude for Beatrice Rossell's support to the civil rights movement. He addresses her inquiry regarding his activities with the Highlander Folk School and possible Communist ties. Rossell received a picture of Dr. King at Highlander and the caption addressed him as a Communist.

Letter from Stephen J. M. Robbins to MLK

Stephen Robbins thanks Dr. King for inviting the United States National Student Association to participate in the demonstrations in Selma and Montgomery, Alabama. Robbins states that the organization has directed its focus to equal opportunity for all and protection for demonstrators. Robbins also invites Dr. King to address the 18th National Student Congress at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Reading, Writing, and Race Relations

Dorothy Singer wrote this piece,"Reading, Writing and Race Relations", regarding the racial integration in schools. Singer discusses several studies and their findings regarding integration.