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Socrates was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of western philosophy. Preferring the oral tradition, he did not write any philosophical works. His legacy only remains in the writings of his students, such as Plato. Socrates’ teachings became a foundation for western philosophy, contributing to the fields of ethics, epistemology, logic and pedagogy. He so challenged the norms of Athenian society that Plato referred to him as a social gadfly, constantly questioning the status quo in search of truth. Upon his conviction of irreverence to the gods and pending execution, Socrates noted that while a gadfly is easy to swat, the public would be harming itself in eliminating the pest that kept it in check. Because of his immense respect for the rule of law, Socrates chose not to flee. In Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. King recognized this act as a form of civil disobedience. Socrates carried out his ordered execution himself by drinking a poisonous concoction.

Associated Archive Content : 9 results

Article: "MLK Writes Co-Religionists from Jail"

The Witness Magazine published the first of Dr. King's "Letter from a Birmingham Jail." The second part will appear in the next issue on June 27, 1963. The article describes Dr. King's letter as "one of those rare 'to-read-twice' documents."

I've Been To The Mountaintop

Dr. King delivers the "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech at the Masonic Temple in Memphis, TN.

Love and Forgiveness

This is a speech entitled "Love and Forgiveness" that Dr. King delivered at the American Baptist Convention meeting in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Jesus Christ and segregation serve as the major topics for this speech. Dr. King makes the compelling statements that "Jesus decided to meet hate with love," and that "segregation is still the Negro's burden and America's shame."

Love in Action

Dr. King expounds on the love of God by referencing a verse from the Bible in the Book of Luke. The verse states, "Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." Dr. King notes the truth of this verse is also revealed in race relation of today.

MLK's Gadsden, Alabama Rally Speech

This transcript of Dr. King's address during the Gadsden, Alabama Rally addresses the ills of segregation in the South. He professes that the accusation of civil rights demonstrations being responsible for creating tension is equivalent to blaming the act of robbery on the wealth of man.

Morehouse Introduction to Philosophy Notes

These typed notes from Dr. King’s early years at Morehouse College are for an Introduction to Philosophy course led by Professor Samuel Williams. King outlines the topic of highest ends: motive and standard, changing and unchanging morality, and reason and emotion that determine the standard.

Report of A Participant

This report illustrates the authors concern and outlook on the Vietnam war.

The Danger of Misguided Goodness

Under the title, "The Danger of Misguided Goodness," the central message in these sermon notes is the need for all individuals to be morally conscientious.

We Would See Jesus

Dr. King gives this sermon to a congregation at Ebenezer Baptist Church. He conveys a message of Christ's acceptance of all despite any person's wrong doings in the past. He also points out that Christ's work is exemplified through individual acts of kindness and helping others.