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Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)

In 1914, on the eve of World War I, an ecumenical conference was held in Germany by Christians seeking to prevent the impending war. Out of this meeting came the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), a movement of conscientious objection to war rooted in the conviction that love has the power to transform conflict. The movement spread to 40 different countries and involved members of all major faith traditions. Organizations that grew out of FOR include the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the American Committee on Africa (ACOA). Dr. King formally joined the FOR in Montgomery, Alabama in 1958. He worked and corresponded with FOR leaders A. J. Muste, Norman Thomas, Howard Thurman, Glenn Smiley, Bayard Rustin, Jim Lawson, James Farmer, John Nevin Sayre, Muriel Lester, Edwin Dahlberg and Thich Nhat Hanh.

Associated Archive Content : 33 results

The Gospel and How We Love Our Enemies

John C. Heidbrink sets forth the notion that in order to be a disciple of Christ, in any age, one must express unconditional love "toward him who seeks to destroy us," irrespective of differences in personal, national, or religious sentiments.

The New Frontiersmen

William Miller recaps the recent presidential elections and the important issues President John F. Kennedy will have to address. President Kennedy has proposed a new program called the New Frontier, which for many African Americans, is believed to be a part of the nonviolent Civil Rights Movement. Miller states that the Civil Rights Movement is not one that can be overlooked by the President and must be seriously addressed if he wants to stay true to his political platform.

Unwise and Untimely?

This pamphlet from the Fellowship of Reconciliation features a letter written from eight Alabama Clergymen to Dr. King. The Clergymen express their discontent with the movement and Dr. King brings forth a response. The response is later known as one of Dr. King's famous texts, "Letter from Birmingham City Jail." The pamphlet also includes Dr. King's "I Have a Dream" speech from the 1963 March on Washington.