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Wallace, George C. (George Corley)

b. 1917 - d. 2005

George Wallace, four-term Alabama governor, ran four times for U.S. president. As a moderate on race, he was defeated by a Ku Klux Klan-backed candidate. He won four years later promising “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever.” In June 1963 he defied the U.S. Justice Department, blocking black students from registering at the University of Alabama. In September, he ordered state police to prevent desegregated schools from opening in four cities. In both cases, President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard to enforce the law. Wallace directed state troopers to stop civil rights marchers in Selma in 1965, resulting in Bloody Sunday. As a third party presidential candidate in 1968, Wallace won five Southern states. In the 1972 campaign, he was shot and paralyzed from the waist down. In 1979, Wallace visited the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery that Dr. King had served and said that, since the shooting, he understood the pain blacks endure. Wallace asked forgiveness for the pain he had caused. He won his last term as governor in 1982 with substantial support from black voters.

Associated Archive Content : 38 results

Statement to SCLC Board: Alabama Movement

Dr. King discusses the various issues within the State of Alabama. Dr. King and the SCLC have maintained leadership in the Alabama Movement and have proposed a plan to continue the acts of nonviolence.

Telegram from Dr. L. K. Jackson to President John F. Kennedy

Dr. L. K. Jackson of St. Paul Baptist Church writes to President Kennedy regarding "barbaric" demonstrations against Negroes in the South.

Telegram from Mrs. Terry Brown to MLK

Mrs. Terry Brown writes Dr. King reflecting on her participation in the Great Freedom March. She also expresses to Dr. King how his words are a source of inspiration.

Telegram to MLK from John Jacobs

John Jacobs accuses Dr. King of being associated with Communists. He proclaims that Negroes learned raping, robbing and relief with Dr. King's training.

The Blame in Birmingham

The article, "The Blame in Birmingham", discusses the situation in Birmingham where four little girls were killed during a Sunday school class when a bomb was detonated. Governor Wallace's reaction and the consequences of the actions are mentioned in the article.

The Strength of the Legacy

In this New York Herald Tribune article, Dr. King refers to the recent 1964 Presidential election as a decisive repudiation of segregation and extremism. He claims the election results honored the memory of President John F. Kennedy, assassinated a year earlier. Kennedy’s greatest contribution to human rights, King says, was his televised appeal to the American people on June 19, 1963 describing equal rights and equal opportunity as a moral issue as old as the scriptures and as clear as the Constitution.

Three Dimensions of a Complete Life

Dr. King states that the key to an extended and fulfilling life is to live a life that is "three dimensional." He further identifies these dimensions as: "length, breadth and height." Dr. King proclaims these dimensions will ensure a life of self-love, community and love for God.

Western Union Telegram from Harrison Tweed and Bernard G. Segal to MLK

Mr. Tweed and Mr. Segal urge Dr. King to observe Judge Johnson's order prohibiting marches to Montgomery, Alabama. They also enclose an excerpt of their telegram to Governor George Wallace compelling him to restrain law enforcement from excessive force.