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Apartheid--South Africa

Apartheid (Afrikaans for apart-hood) was the policy of racial segregation adopted by the National Party governments of South Africa from 1948 to 1994. Under this policy South Africans were classified as Bantu (blacks), Coloured (mixed-race), White and Asian. Racial separation was enforced in living areas, employment, transportation, public facilities, education and social contact. The white minority controlled all aspects of social, political and economic life. Black Africans living outside designated areas were forcibly removed to Bantustans (homelands/reservations). Resistance to this policy was met with state violence (e.g. 1962 Sharpeville massacre and the 1976 Soweto uprising). After decades of domestic and international efforts to abolish the system, the policy was dismantled in negotiations occurring between 1990 and 1993. In 1994 Nelson Mandela, a leader of the African National Congress who had spent 27 years in prison, was elected president of the country. In 1962 Dr. King, an early critic of apartheid, joined fellow Nobel Peace laureate Chief Albert Luthuli in an appeal against the policy.

Associated Archive Content : 2 results

American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa Memorandum

Theodore Brown, Executive Director of the American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa, provides a progress report on ANLCA's work on Nigeria, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Southwest Africa (now Namibia). He mentions that the group offered to help the Nigerian federal government and the four regions mediate the conflict that resulted in the Nigeria-Biafra Civil War (1967-1970).

SCLC Newsletter: February 1964

This SCLC newsletter covers items ranging from Dr. King's Nobel Peace Prize nomination to voter registration drives throughout the country. The lead photo features national civil rights leaders "summoned to the White House for a special conference with President Lyndon B. Johnson."