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Gandhi Society for Human Rights

The Gandhi Society for Human Rights was established by attorneys Harry Wachtel, Clarence Jones and Theodore Kheel to cover legal costs for the libel suit against four Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) ministers from a March 1960 ad in The New York Times. The Society was launched May 17, 1962, the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education and the hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation and of the death of Henry David Thoreau, author of On Civil Disobedience. The group’s mission included legal defense for civil rights cases, educational materials on nonviolence and voter registration, and financial support for civil rights projects. Dr. King was honorary president and donated $25,000 of his Nobel Prize award. King’s founding address is in this archive.

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