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The Many Faces of Black Power

CHINA, CUBA, FORMER SOVIET UNION / USSR

The author identifies several approaches to the notion of Black Power. The author concludes that Black Power is "a programmatic concept capable of objective definition", "it presents many difficulties", and that the negatives have outweighed the positives.

MLK Press Conference and Speech Notes

Cleveland, OH, Mississippi (MS)

Dr. King stresses that his appearance to Cleveland is not in the interest of the candidates but to urge the people to exercise their political and moral responsibility.

SCLC-CCCO Chicago Freedom Festival

Chicago, IL

The Chicago Freedom Festival was designed to raise funds to end slums and segregation in Chicago. The festival will feature an address by Dr. King and an all-star show.

Letter from B. F. Ball to MLK

Tuesday, July 20, 1965
New York (NY), New York, NY, Georgia (GA), Atlanta, GA

B. F. Ball informs Dr. King that he made a contribution to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference through his church.

Letter from Ed Clayton to Martin Gal

Wednesday, October 16, 1963
Michigan (MI), Birmingham, AL

Ed Clayton, Public Relations Director for SCLC, writes Martin Gal, Producer of WMSB TV, to inform him that Dr. King will not be able to make an appearance on his television production because of his focus on the Civil Rights Movement.

Telegram From M. J. Jones to MLK

Wednesday, November 1, 1967
Chattanooga, TN, Birmingham, AL

Mr. Jones, Chattanooga affiliate of the SCLC, writes a support letter to Dr. King while he is in jail.

Letter from MLK to George Bass

Friday, June 17, 1966
Pennsylvania (PA), Philadelphia, PA

Dr. King responds to Mrs. George Bass' recent letter inviting him to speak at the annual convention of the Planned Parenthood Association. Dr. King regretfully declines the invitation because his schedule is booked for the entire month of January.

Letter from Robert F. Kennedy to MLK

Thursday, March 31, 1966
Washington, D.C., VIETNAM, Atlanta, GA, Montgomery, AL, Mississippi (MS), Alabama (AL)

Robert Kennedy writes to Dr. King to express his support for the Civil Rights Movement and the strive to preserve the basic values of freedom and dignity throughout the world. Lastly, Robert Kennedy sends Dr. King a series of speeches he made in January and wish to hear Dr. King's reactions to them.

Telegram from Nathan Cooper to MLK

Sunday, October 23, 1960
New York, NY, Atlanta, GA, GEORGIA, ALGERIA

Referring to Dr. King as a southern fascist, Nathan Cooper telegrams his demands for an immediate two- hour national radio television civil rights debate.

Letter from William L. Harris to MLK

Sunday, March 10, 1968
Virginia (VA)

William Harris, vice-chairman of the Extra Legal Forum at the Law School of the University of Virginia, invites Dr. King to speak at a Forum event.

Letter from Gerald H. Anderson to MLK

Friday, April 10, 1964
PHILIPPINES

Gerald Anderson, the Academic Dean at Union Theolgical Seminary, writes Dr. King asking him to contribute to a volume of sermons for publishing.

Carlisle's Variety Shop Souvenir Booklet

Birmingham, AL

Carlisle Variety Shop produced this souvenir booklet advertising Negro businesses but also honoring Dr. King and other SCLC officials involved in the 1963 Birmingham campaign.

Telegram from MLK to Attorney General Robert Kennedy

Monday, July 8, 1963
Washington, D.C., Florida (FL), St. Augustine, FL

Dr. King sends Attorney General Robert Kennedy a copy of the telegram he sent to Vice President Lyndon Johnson. The city of St. Augustine, Florida refuses to desegregate its facilities, which Dr. King describes as a "denial of Negro citizenship."

Man (Sin)

Dr. King writes about Jeremiah's loss of confidence in man, reflecting on the biblical passage Jeremiah 9: 4-6.

Letter from David J. Walker to MLK

Wednesday, January 6, 1965
Washington (WA), Atlanta, GA

David Walker, Chairman of the Speakers Committee for Toronto Junior Board of Trade writes Dr. King inviting him to speak at their Tuesday night dinner meeting. Walker continues with his own personal adulation on the Reverend receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.

Letter from Florence Read to MLK

Wednesday, May 5, 1965
LEBANON, California (CA), ISRAEL

Florence Read informs Dr. King that she received news of his Nobel Peace Prize while traveling in the Middle East. She encloses articles from The Jerusalem Times and The Daily Star of Beirut for Dr. King's records.

Telegram From Edwin Berry to MLK

Wednesday, October 14, 1964
Chicago, IL, Illinois (IL)

Edwin Berry congratulates Dr. King on receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.

Letter from Shirley Gilchrist of the Dunbar Alumni Association to MLK

Wednesday, March 11, 1964
Chicago, IL, Illinois (IL), Atlanta, GA

Chicago's Dunbar Alumni Association Vice President Shirley Gilchrist requests a copy of Dr. King's speech "Facing the Challenge of a New Age." The speech was delivered at Illinois Wesleyan University in February of 1961. Gilchrist hopes the speech may be added to the alumni association's reading list.

Telegram from Gunnar Jahn to MLK

Saturday, September 30, 1967
Atlanta, GA

In this telegram, Mr. Jahn informs Dr. King that the postponement of his meeting in Moscow could cause the planned initiative to collapse.

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom Lincoln Memorial Program

Wednesday, August 28, 1963
Washington, D.C.

This is the Lincoln Memorial program for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Notable leaders including Dr. King, Walter Reuther, and Whitney M. Young, Jr., will make remarks at the march. Also included is a list of demands, a joint statement from ten organizations and a map.

References (Religion and Philosophy)

Dr. King cites three articles about Borden Parker Bowne. The first, “Personalism and the Influence of Bowne,” was written by Edgar S. Brightman and appeared in the journal The Personalist.

Letter from Samuel H. Bassow to MLK

Saturday, April 8, 1967
VIETNAM, Chicago, IL, Illinois (IL), Montgomery, AL, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, New York (NY), New York, NY

The New York Times, publishes an article, "Dr. King's Error" discussing the issue of Dr. King linking his opposition to the war in Vietnam and the fight for Negro equality. Samuel H. Bassow attaches a letter to the article supporting Dr. King stances.

Letter from Alfred Duckett to MLK about Request

Monday, October 26, 1964
New York, NY

Alfred Duckett writes this letter to Dr. King in order to remind Dr. King of his desire to have a magazine article or television special done on him and stresses the need to present Dr. King's role "not only as a civil rights leader, but also as a father, pastor, husband, and administrator of a steadily-growing national organization." Mr. Duckett also presents the terms of a proposed publishing contract, should he wish to become a part of the project.

Letter from Robert Kennedy to MLK

Wednesday, January 22, 1964
Atlanta, GA, Washington, D.C., JAPAN

Robert Kennedy writes Dr. King requesting to interview him for an oral history program on the Kennedy Administration. Kennedy asserts, "You are obviously one of the persons who ought to be interviewed in order to get a full record of the Administration."

Letter from MLK to Gordon R. Pollard

Thursday, January 6, 1966
CANADA

Dr. King expresses his embarrassment in his late response to Mr. Pollard's letter regarding a speaking engagement at the University of Victoria. Dr. King shares his gratitude for the invitation but regretfully declines due to the fact that he has accepted his maximum number of engagements for the time period.

Telegram from The Mathis Family to MLK

Monday, April 15, 1963
Birmingham, AL

The Mathis family sends their support to Dr. King during his incarceration in the Birmingham City Jail.

Letter from Harry B. Henderson Jr. to MLK

Sunday, April 23, 1967
New York (NY), VIETNAM

Harry Henderson writes Dr. King in support of Dr. King's stance on Vietnam. Henderson expresses his appreciation for Dr. King's "clearout and moving" speech regarding the United State's presence in Vietnam and he feels that only clergymen can take an effective stance. He also discusses how the Vietnam War is used as a scapegoat to keep the government from having to deal with discrimination issues in America.

Note to Dr. King from JOAN DAVES, New York, NY, dated September 23, 1973

Sunday, September 22, 1963
New York, NY, GERMANY

This note is to request Dr. King's signature on a contract with Oncken for german language edition of Stride Toward Freedom.

Black Power

In the article, Dr. King address the emerging Black Power movement. He feels that this movement will only promote Black extremism and supremacy which would be following in the steps of the White oppressor. Dr. King believes that the tactic of nonviolence is the only way to move through civil injustice and that everyone must collectively work together to achieve the common goal.

Letter from the Lamar W. Sessoms Family to MLK

Sunday, June 25, 1967
New Jersey (NJ), Atlanta, GA

In this letter, the Sessoms family informs Dr. King that rural sections of Mississippi are systematically starving their Negro residents. The Sessoms family asks for Dr. King's advice and assistance in alleviating this problem.