Themes

The Archive

Digital Archive brought to you
by JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Search results for:
"Wisconsin (WI)"

Essay on Violence and Nonviolence

The impractical and immoral effect of violence and testimony to the moral power and efficiency of nonviolence are discussed in this essay. Violence is recognized as achieving social justice with great results, but not without damage to society. Although a much tougher way of seeking social justice, nonviolence is a more satisfying lasting solution.

Letter from Glenn E. Smiley to MLK

Thursday, May 27, 1965
New York (NY)

In this letter, Mr. Smiley requests an endorsement from Dr. King on the creation of a non-violent training film by The Fellowship of Reconciliation.

Letter from Edward F. Bell to MLK

Thursday, April 1, 1965
Detroit, MI, Montgomery, AL

Attorney Edward Bell offers his legal services to Dr. King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in the Civil Rights Movement.

Letter from Edna R. McKinnon to MLK

Thursday, December 14, 1967
California (CA)

Edna McKinnon praises Dr. King for his wonderful work with the SCLC and its effect on the "entire world." She agrees with Dr. King's nonviolent philosophy and approach to American military intervention in Vietnam. Ms. McKinnon is the sister of Jeanette Rankin, the first woman of Congress, and the only member to vote against U.S. entry into both world wars.

Statement by Roy Wilkins to Congress

Thursday, January 12, 1967

The Leadership Conference on Civil Rights adopted this statement by Roy Wilkins, Chairman, for the opening of the 1967 Congressional session. Their agenda includes full compliance with all existing civil rights legislation, equality and justice in the courts, greater protection for those who exercise their civil rights, and an end to housing discrimination. Wilkins states that economic and social conditions must be created so that civil rights guaranteed by law can be realized.

Letter from John A. McDermott to MLK

Monday, February 14, 1966
Chicago, IL, Alabama (AL), Atlanta, GA

The Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago asks Dr. King, as a former John F. Kennedy award winner, to write a telegram of congratulations to the current nominee. This year's recipient, Reverend Richard Morrisroe, was shot and wounded in Alabama the previous summer while campaigning for civil rights.

Statement on Nobel and Catholic Interracial Council Awards

Saturday, October 17, 1964
Chicago, IL

John A. McDermott, Executive Director of the Catholic Interracial Council, lauds Dr. King's receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize and announces that the Council is awarding King its John F. Kennedy Award.

Powell's Court Suit Challenged by House Move

Saturday, April 1, 1967
Florida (FL), Massachusetts (MA), Washington, D.C.

Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, the first black Congressman from New York State, files a suit with the federal court to regain his congressional seat after being excluded from Congress due to "unauthorized travel at taxpayers' expense and payroll padding." This newspaper article briefly details Powell's suit and The House of Representatives' response to the charge. The case would eventually be heard by the Supreme Court in Powell vs. McCormack, leading to the Federal Contested Elections Act in 1969.

A Plan for Establishing Independently Owned and Operated Businesses in Inner City Areas

New York (NY)

This document explains the need for independently owned and operated businesses in the city of Rochester, NY. It explains the path towards business development and the role that Kodak might play in encouraging that development.

Letter from Joan Daves to Seong Hak Lee

Wednesday, October 21, 1964
SOUTH KOREA

Joan Daves responds to a request to translate Dr. King's books "Strength to Love" and "Why We Can't Wait" into the Korean language. She conveys Dr. King's gratitude about such an interest while also expressing hesitancy in granting permission immediately. The project can only be green lighted if specific procedures are followed which Daves lays out in her response.

Letter from Evert Svensson to MLK

Wednesday, October 21, 1964
Stockholm, Sweden, SWEDEN, DENMARK, NORWAY

Evert Svensson writes Dr. King requesting that Sweden's Christian Social Democrats (The Brotherhood Movement), have the honor of hosting him during his stay in Sweden. It is during this visit that Dr. King will be presented with the Nobel Peace Prize.

Alabama SCLC July 1966 Report

Thursday, July 21, 1966
Alabama (AL), Selma, AL, Washington, D.C.

Albert Turner of the Alabama SCLC delivers a report on upcoming and continuing programs of the local SCLC. Some of the programs include political action and a SCLC convention.

Call to Action in Race Relations

Sunday, January 1, 1961

J. Oscar Lee and S. Garry Oniki draft a memorandum to outline the purpose, function and program emphases for the General Committee for the Department of Racial and Cultural Relations sponsored by the National Council of Churches.

Letter from Julian Bond to MLK

Tuesday, July 25, 1967
Atlanta, GA

Julian Bond, a member of the Georgia House of Representatives, shares a quotation from W.E.B. DuBois' "The Souls of Black Folk." The excerpt is consistent with Dr. King's view on the importance of "keeping white allies in the civil rights movement."

Letter from MLK to W. David Angus

Monday, October 14, 1963
CANADA

This letter is in response to Mr. W. David Angus from Dr. King, referencing an invite to speak in Montreal. However, Dr. King acknowledged that he would be out of the country.

Letter from Stephen Sargent to Ralph David Abernathy

Monday, April 8, 1968

Stephen Sargent, a young student, writes to Rev. Ralph Abernathy on the day of Dr. King's funeral service. Stephen's letter mentions his enclosure of a check to the SCLC to assist in the cause for freedom.

Invitation from Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority to MLK

Philadelphia, PA, Pennsylvania (PA)

This is a program for Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority's Forty-First Boule in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The event features Dr. King as a guest speaker.

Memorandum from the Urban Training Center for Christian Mission

Wednesday, March 22, 1967
Chicago, IL, Washington, D.C., Illinois (IL), Pittsburgh, PA, Philadelphia, PA

The purpose of this memorandum from Rev. James Morton and James Twomey was to attempt to get funding for urban renewal. It was the goal of the Urban Training Center for Christian Mission to create low-income housing for those in need.

Letter from Rose Mary to MLK

Wednesday, February 7, 1968
Chicago, IL

Seventh grader Rose Mary writes to Dr. King commending his efforts concerning "racial problems" and informing him of her admiration.

Speech to the Freedom Riders

Sunday, May 21, 1961
Montgomery, AL, New York (NY), Birmingham, AL, Alabama (AL), GERMANY

King delivered this speech, in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1961, at a rally to support the Freedom Riders. King encourages them to maintain postures and attitudes of non-violence in the face of violent responses to their actions and resistance. He assures them that while they will experience a "season of suffering," the moral rightness of their cause will prevail.

Letter from MLK to Dr. & Mrs. Bacon

Friday, October 17, 1958
North Carolina (NC)

Dr. King, in this letter, thanked Mr. and Mrs. Bacon for their kind donation of $200 sent to him, during his recovery from a nearly fatal stabbing in 1958. He acknowledges his readiness to rejoin those fighting in the battle for civil rights, once his healing process is complete.

Letter from Max Hess to MLK

Monday, May 14, 1962
California (CA)

Mr. Hess expresses his sincere admiration for Dr. King stating, "you have done more than stood fast in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free."

Letter from MLK to Hobson R. Reynolds

Tuesday, December 14, 1965
California (CA), Philadelphia, PA

Dr. King responds to an invitation from earlier in the year Hobson R. Reynolds. King states that because he is out of town frequently and receives a lot of incoming and outgoing mail sometimes letters are placed in the wrong place. King reference to a trip to Africa that he planned to visit, but was cancelled because of Watts riots in California. King thanks Mr. Reynolds for his contributions to the SCLC and says that he wishes to serve him in the future.

Notes on Literary Genre

"Every story has a plot, every story has a climax," writes Dr. King, in these handwritten notes to describe an unknown fairytale or some literary genres.

SCLC 10th Anniversary Dinner

Atlanta, GA, Georgia (GA), UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

This formal invitation to the Tenth Anniversary Dinner of the SCLC shows Sidney Poitier as the guest speaker and indicates a ticket price of $10.00. It is requested that all invited guest confirm their reservation prior to the event.

Letter from Vera Galanter to MLK

Monday, January 15, 1962
New York, NY, Atlanta, GA

Mrs. Galanter informs Dr. King of mobilization efforts in the North to aid in "Negro Voter Registration programs in the South" and requests areas in need of support.

Letter from Daniel L. Eckert to MLK

Monday, January 9, 1967

This letter was written to Dr.King to express disapproval for Dr.King's support of Adam Clayton Powell. Mr. Eckert states that Mr.Powell should be treated as white leaders are treated.

Telegram from Mrs. Willie Bass to MLK

Thursday, September 23, 1954
New Jersey (NJ), New York, NY

Mrs. Willie M. Bass sent this telegram expressing her hope for Dr. King's speedy recovery during his stay at Harlem Hospital.

Letter from Dow Kirkpatrick to MLK

Tuesday, October 23, 1962
Illinois (IL), Atlanta, GA

Dow Kirkpatrick, Pastor of First Methodist Church in Evanston, Illinois, invites Dr. King to dinner during his visit to Evanston.

Letter from Dora McDonald to Harry Wachtel

Wednesday, November 18, 1964
New York, NY, Oslo, Norway

Ms. McDonald sends Mr. Wachtel Dr. King's schedules for visiting Oslo, Norway. Dr. King is traveling to Norway to receive his Nobel Peace Prize.