Day 3 of King Center Nonviolence Youth Camp: Rosa Parks Scenario


King Center lead nonviolence trainer Charles Alphin conducts a re-enactment of Rosa Parks's historic act of nonviolent resistance to segregated seating on the city busses of Montgomery Alabama on December 1, 1955. the young lady in the pink blouse at center playing Mrs. Parks is being arrested by Montgomery police officer (played by young man in red hat) for refusing to give up her seat in the "white" section, as "bus driver," played by young man in white shirt at far right, looks on. Alphin had the youth re-enact the scenario of Mrs. Parks's arrest, showing how African American bus riders had to enter through the front door of the bus to pay their fare, then walk outside of the bus and re-enter through the back door to sit in the "colored" section. Alphin explained that the reason for this was to keep African American customers from walking through the "white only" front section of the bus. Mrs. Parks's refusal to stand and give up her seat to a white passenger sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which ignited the American Civil Rights Movement. The late Mrs. Parks visited the King Center on a number of occasions, and joined with the late Mrs. Coretta Scott King in conducting educational programs.

A former police captain in the St. Louis Police Department, Charles Alphin is one of the most experienced nonviolence educators working with the King Center, having taught Kingian nonviolence to law enforcement personnel, youth groups and adults across the U.S. and other nations, including South Africa, Haiti, Columbia, Russia and others.